Wires of different forms have been an integral part of human society for centuries. Electricity is being delivered through powerlines to every household; information is routinely transmitted through optical fibers, and bridge-building requires the use of mechanically robust cables. In the past 25 years, scientists have discovered a fundamentally new process for making nanoscopic wires, 1000 times thinner than human hairs, enabling a new generation of computing, integrated photonics, energy and biomedical technologies.

Chem. Rev.
Nanoscale Solar Cells

Garnett, E., Mai, L., & Yang, P. (2019). Introduction: 1D Nanomaterials/Nanowires. Chem. Rev., 119(15), 8955–8957. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.9b00423