Layer-by-layer growth of binary colloidal crystals
We report the growth of binary colloidal crystals with control over the crystal orientation through a simple layer-by-layer process. Well-ordered single binary colloidal crystals with a stoichiometry of large (L) and small (S) particles of LS2 and LS were generated. In addition, we observed the formation of an LS3 superstructure. The structures formed as a result of the templating effect of the first layer and the forces exerted by the surface tension of the drying liquid. By using spheres of different composition, one component can be selectively removed, as is demonstrated in the growth of a hexagonal non-close-packed colloidal crystal.
Velikov, K.P, Christova, C. G, Dullens, R. P. A, & van Blaaderen, A. (2002). Layer-by-layer growth of binary colloidal crystals. Science, 296, 106–109.