Cathodoluminescence spectroscopy in conjunction with second-order auto-correlation measurements of g 2 ( τ ) allows to extensively study the synchronization of photon emitters in low-dimensional structures. Co-existing excitons in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers provide a great source of identical photon emitters which can be simultaneously excited by an electron. Here, we demonstrate large photon bunching with g 2 ( 0 ) up to 156 ± 16 of a tungsten disulfide monolayer (WS2), exhibiting a strong dependence on the electron-beam current. To further improve the excitation synchronization and the electron-emitter interaction, we show exemplary that the careful selection of a simple and compact geometry—a thin, monocrystalline gold nanodisk—can be used to realize a record-high bunching g 2 ( 0 ) of up to 2152 ± 236 . This approach to control the electron excitation of excitons in a WS2 monolayer allows for the synchronization of photon emitters in an ensemble, which is important to further advance light information and computing technologies.

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2D Mater.
Photonic Materials

Fiedler, S, Morozov, S, Iliushyn, L, Boroviks, S, Thomaschewski, M, Wang, J, … Mortensen, N.A. (2023). Photon superbunching in cathodoluminescence of excitons in WS2 monolayer. 2D Mater., 10(2), 021002: 1–021002: 8. doi:10.1088/2053-1583/acbf66