Plasmon resonances at the surface of metallic antennas allow for extreme enhancement of Raman scattering. Intrinsic to plasmonics, however, is that extreme field confinement lacks precise spectral control, which would hold great promise in shaping the optomechanical interaction between light and molecular vibrations. We demonstrate an experimental platform composed of a plasmonic nanocube-on-mirror antenna coupled to an open, tunable Fabry-Perot microcavity for selective addressing of individual vibrational lines of molecules with strong Raman scattering enhancement. Multiple narrow and intense optical resonances arising from the hybridization of the cavity modes and the plasmonic broad resonance are used to simultaneously enhance the laser pump and the local density of optical states, and are characterized using rigorous modal analysis. The versatile bottom-up fabrication approach permits quantitative comparison with the bare nanocube-on-mirror system, both theoretically and experimentally. This shows that the hybrid system allows for similar SERS enhancement ratios with narrow optical modes, paving the way for dynamical backaction effects in molecular optomechanics.

The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) , European Research Council (ERC)
Sci. Adv.
Photonic Forces

Shlesinger, I., Vandersmissen, J., Oksenberg, E., Verhagen, E., & Koenderink, F. (2023). Hybrid cavity-antenna architecture for strong and tunable sideband-selective molecular Raman scattering enhancement. Sci. Adv., 9(51), eadj4637: 1–9. doi:10.1126/sciadv.adj4637