Coherent dynamic x-ray scattering has been used to study the thermally excited layer fluctuations in freely suspended smectic films of the compound 40.8. Using 8-keV x rays and films with a thickness around 0.3 µm we resolve relaxation times down to a few µs. A combination of damped and oscillatory behavior is observed for the layer undulations, which can be attributed to inertial effects. These are due to the surface contribution to the free energy which cannot be disregarded for thin films.

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Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Citation
Fera, A, Dolbnya, I. P, Grübel, G, Muller, H. G, Ostrovskii, B. I, Shalaginov, A. N, & de Jeu, W. H. (2000). Complex dynamic behavior of fluctuating smectic-A films as studied by scattering with coherent x-rays. Phys.Rev.Lett., 85, 2316–2319.