We demonstrate efficient modification of the polarized light emission from single semiconductor nanowires by coupling this emission to surface plasmon polaritons on a metal grating. The polarization anisotropy of the emitted photoluminescence from single nanowires is compared for wires deposited on silica, a flat gold film, and a shallow gold grating. By varying the orientation of the nanowire with respect to the grating grooves, the large intrinsic polarization anisotropy can be either suppressed or enhanced. This modification is interpreted by the appearance of an additional emission channel induced by surface plasmon polaritons and their conversion to p-polarized radiation at the grating.

Opt. Lett.

Muskens, O. L., Treffers, J., Forcales, M., Borgström, M. T., Bakkers, E., & Gómez Rivas, J. (2007). Modification of the photoluminescence anisotropy of semiconductor nanowires by coupling to surface plasmon polaritons. Opt. Lett., 32, 2097–2099. doi:10.1364/OL.32.002097