Characterization of carbon deposits on used hydrotreating catalysts by Curie-point pyrolysis
Curie-point pyrolysis is applied to the characterization of the carbonaceous material deposited on used hydrotreating catalysts. Basically, the carbonaceous material can be divided in an extractable and non-extractable fraction. The extractable fraction consists of adsorbed molecules from the feed, mainly alkanes and small aromatic compounds. The non-extractable fraction is subdivided into strongly adsorbed feed molecules, a carbon fraction resistant to pyrolysis at 1043 K and a sulphur-containing fraction. The division between the extractable and non-extractable fraction is dependent on the extraction agent. Dichloromethane appears to produce a larger extractable fraction than benzene or hexane.
|Journal||J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis|
van Doorn, J, Moulijn, J. A, & Boon, J. J. (1989). Characterization of carbon deposits on used hydrotreating catalysts by Curie-point pyrolysis. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 15, 333–345. doi:10.1016/0165-2370(89)85045-4