Direct extraction of Raman line-shapes from congested CARS spectra
We show that Raman line-shapes can be extracted directly from congested coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectra, by using a numerical method to retrieve the phase-information hidden in measured CARS spectra. The proposed method utilizes the maximum entropy (ME) model to fit the CARS spectra and to further extract the imaginary part of the Raman susceptibility providing the Raman line-shape similar to the spontaneous Raman scattering spectrum. It circumvents the challenges arising with experimentally determining the real and imaginary parts of the susceptibility independently. Another important advantage of this method is that no a priori information regarding the vibrational resonances is required in the analysis. This permits, for the first time, the quantitative analysis of CARS spectra and microscopy images without any knowledge of e.g. sample composition or Raman response.