S-parameter positron beam measurements have been done on several kinds of a-Si: Kr-sputtered a-Si, PECVD a-Si, MeV ion beam amorphized Si and a-Si grown in an MBE-system at a low deposition temperature. Kr sputtered a-Si becomes denser for higher Kr concentration. PECVD a-Si:H contains micro-cavities with a size depending on growth temperature. MeV ion beam amorphized Si contains 1.2 at.% small vacancies, which decreases upon annealing (relaxation) to 0.4 at.%. This effect can be mimicked by H-implantation and subsequent annealing, showing that at least some of the dangling bonds in a-Si are located at these vacancy-type defects. Finally positron measurements show that MBE-system grown a-Si contains large open-volume defects. The positron annihilation data are supplemented by data from some other techniques.

Additional Metadata
Publisher American Institute of Physics
Editor E. Ottewitte , A. H. Weiss
Citation
Hakvoort, R. A, van Veen, A, Schut, H, van den Boogaard, M. J, Berntsen, A, Roorda, S, … Reader, A. H. (1994). Characterization of amorphous silicon. In E Ottewitte & A. H Weiss (Eds.), Slow Positron Beam Techniques for Solids and Surfaces : Fifth International Workshop, Jackson Hole, WY, August 1992 (pp. 48–52). American Institute of Physics.