Growth mode and interface structure of Ag on the HF-treated Si(111): H surface
A growth mode and interface structure analysis has been performed for Ag deposited at a high temperature of 300°C on the HF-treated Si(111):H surface by means of medium-energy ion scattering and elastic recoil detection analysis of hydrogen. The measurements show that Ag grows in the Volmer-Weber mode and that the Ag islands on the surface are epitaxial with respect to the substrate. The preferential azimuthal orientation is A-type only when Ag is deposited slowly. The interface does not reconstruct to the ×3 x ×3-Ag structure, which is normally observed for Ag deposition above 200oC on the Si(111)7 x 7 surface, but retains its bulk-like structure. The presence of hydrogen at the interface is demonstrated after deposition of thick (1100 Å) Ag films. However, the amount of hydrogen at the interface is not a full monolayer. This partial desorption of hydrogen from the interface explains why the Schottky barrier heights of Ag/Si(111):H diodes are close to those of Ag/Si(111)7 x 7 and Ag/Si(111)2 x l.
Nishiyama, A, ter Horst, G, Zagwijn, P. M, van den Hoven, G. N, Frenken, J. W. M, Garten, F, … Vrijmoeth, J. (1996). Growth mode and interface structure of Ag on the HF-treated Si(111): H surface. Surf. Sci., 350, 229–238.