Planar waveguide amplifiers are one of the key components of integrated optic devices. The integration of amplifiers together with other optical components such as splitters, couplers, and wavelength division multiplexers, enables many optical functions to work together on a single chip without optical losses. Erbium is used as an optically active element in waveguide amplifiers because of its intra-4

Optical Society of America
Photonic Materials

van den Hoven, G. N., Koper, R. J. I. M., Polman, A., van Dam, C., van Uffelen, J. W. M., & Smit, M. K. (1996). Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in an Er-doped Al2O3 waveguide amplifier on silicon. In Summaries of the Papers presented at the Topical Meeting Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, July 11-13, 1996 Monterey, California : Technical Digest (pp. 44–47).