Deviations from Fick's law in Lorentz gases
We have calculated the self-dynamic structure factor F(k, t) for tagged particle motion in "hopping" Lorentz gases. We find evidence that, even at long times the probability distribution function for the displacement of the particles is highly non-Gaussian. At very small values of the wave vector this manifests itself as the divergence of the Burnett coefficient (the fourth moment of the distribution never approaching a value characteristic of a Gaussian). At somewhat larger wave vectors we find that F(k, t) decays algebraically, rather than exponentially as one would expect for a Gaussian. The precise form of this power-law decay depends on the nature of the scatterers making up the Lorentz gas. We find different power-law exponents for scatterers which exclude certain sites and scatterers which do not.
|Journal||J. Stat. Phys.|
Lowe, C. P, Frenkel, D, & van der Hoef, M. A. (1997). Deviations from Fick's law in Lorentz gases. J. Stat. Phys., 87, 1229–1244.