Surface energetics and dynamics measured from STM movies
We describe a high-speed programmable-temperature scanning tunneling microscope (STM) for the study of dynamical processes and the measurement of various energies on metal surfaces. The programmable-temperature STM operates in the temperature range from 60 to 1000 K. Over a temperature window of 300 K it can keep one particular surface area in view. We present two experimental results obtained with this instrument. The first concerns the energetics of a vicinal surface, Ag(115), and their relation with the surface roughening transition. The second treats the diffusion dynamics of kinks in steps on the (110) surface of Au.
Hoogeman, M.S, Schlößer, D.C, Sanders, J.-B, Kuipers, L, Chang, M.F, Klik, M.A.J, … Frenken, J.W.M. (1997). Surface energetics and dynamics measured from STM movies. In M.C Tringides (Ed.), Surface Diffusion : Atomistic and Collective Processes (pp. 463–474). Plenum.