Evolution and collapse of a trapped Bose condensate with negative scattering length are predetermined by 3-body recombination of Bose-condensed atoms and by feeding of the condensate from the nonequilibrium thermal cloud. The collapse, starting once the number of condensate atoms reaches the critical value, ceases and turns to expansion when the density becomes so high that the recombination losses dominate over attractive interparticle interaction. As a result, we obtain a sequence of collapses, each of them followed by dynamic oscillations of the condensate. In every collapse the 3-body recombination burns only a part of the Bose-condensed atoms.

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Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Citation
Kagan, Yu, Muryshev, A. E, & Shlyapnikov, G. V. (1998). Collapse and Bose-Einstein condensation in a trapped Bose gas with negative scattering length. Phys.Rev.Lett., 81, 933–937.