Side-chain liquid-crystalline polymers from the alternating copolymerization of maleic anhydride and 1-olefins carrying biphenyl mesogens
Side-chain liquid-crystalline copolymers (SCLCPs) were synthesized from the alternating copolymerization of maleic anhydride with mesogenic 1-olefins. These SCLCPs showed high glass transition temperatures and highly ordered smectic mesophases. The mesophase width increased with spacer length. The terminal alkyl group length determined the degree of order in the hexatic mesophase that was present just above the glass transition temperature. A terminal methoxy group induced a hexatic smectic B mesophase, intermediate terminal alkyl groups induced a smectic E mesophase, and long terminal alkyl groups induced a crystal smectic B mesophase. If the spacer was shorter than the terminal alkyl group, an interdigitated smectic A mesophase was found in which the termianl alkyl groups overlap. A strong correlation was found between the glass transition temperature and the temperature at which the hexagonal or orthorhombic ordered mesophase disappears. Introduction of an ester linkage between the spacer and biphenyl mesogen or replacing the terminal alkoxy group by a cyano terminal group induced a lowering of transition temperatures and a lower degree of order in the mesophase.
Nieuwhof, R. P, Marcelis, A. T. M, Sudhölter, E. J. R, Picken, S. J, & de Jeu, W. H. (1999). Side-chain liquid-crystalline polymers from the alternating copolymerization of maleic anhydride and 1-olefins carrying biphenyl mesogens. Macromolecules, 32, 1398–1406. doi:10.1021/ma981393d