We have studied the surface atomic structure of KDP crystals using X-ray scattering. These crystals were grown from an aqueous solution and we have done measurements both ex situ and in situ. The ex situ measurements were performed in vacuum or in air. In order to be able to do in situ measurements, we designed and built a crystal growth chamber which is compatible with X-ray diffraction experiments. The atomic arrangement of the two naturally existing faces of KDP has been determined. Preliminary results are presented of measurements performed during growth. Furthermore, the influence of metal impurities on the atomic structure of the growing interface is examined.

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Journal J. Cryst. Growth
de Vries, S.A, Goedtkindt, P, Huisman, W.J, Zwanenburg, M.J, Feidenhans'l, R, Bennett, S.L, … Vlieg, E. (1999). X-ray diffraction studies of potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystal surfaces. J. Cryst. Growth, 205, 202–214.