Tunneling excitation to resonant states in helium as main source of superponderomotive photoelectrons in the tunneling regime
Phys. Rev. Lett. , Volume 83 p. 3158- 3161
We present numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in the single-active-electron approximation and calculate wave functions for photoionization of helium exposed to 800 nm light. Electron spectra show ~200 peaks up to 272 eV, due to above-threshold ionization. The simulations confirm the existence of a wide, flat plateau in the electron spectrum due to backscattering, between 3 and 8 times the ponderomotive energy. Electrons in this range originate almost exclusively through resonance enhancement by quivering excited states, which in turn are populated by light-induced tunneling from the ground state.
|Phys. Rev. Lett.|
Muller, H. G. (1999). Tunneling excitation to resonant states in helium as main source of superponderomotive photoelectrons in the tunneling regime. Phys.Rev.Lett., 83, 3158–3161.