We present numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in the single-active-electron approximation and calculate wave functions for photoionization of helium exposed to 800 nm light. Electron spectra show ~200 peaks up to 272 eV, due to above-threshold ionization. The simulations confirm the existence of a wide, flat plateau in the electron spectrum due to backscattering, between 3 and 8 times the ponderomotive energy. Electrons in this range originate almost exclusively through resonance enhancement by quivering excited states, which in turn are populated by light-induced tunneling from the ground state.

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Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Citation
Muller, H. G. (1999). Tunneling excitation to resonant states in helium as main source of superponderomotive photoelectrons in the tunneling regime. Phys.Rev.Lett., 83, 3158–3161.