Surface plasmon polariton Fabry-Pérot resonators were made in single-crystalline gold by focused ion beam milling of two parallel 100 nm deep grooves. The plasmonic cavity modes were spatially and spectrally resolved using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy. Mode numbers up to n=10 were observed. The cavity quality factor Q depends strongly on groove depth; the highest Q=21 was found for groove depth of 100 nm at λ=690 nm. The data are consistent with finite-difference time domain calculations that show that the wavelength of maximum reflectivity is strongly correlated with groove depth.
Appl. Phys. Lett.
Photonic Materials

Kuttge, M., Vesseur, E. J. R., & Polman, A. (2009). Fabry-Pérot resonators for surface plasmon polaritons probed by cathodoluminescence. Appl. Phys. Lett., 94(Article number: 183104), 1–3. doi:10.1063/1.3126484