The adsorption of photoactive yellow protein (PYP) on a Au(111) surface and its fluorescence activity have been studied by electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy (EC-STM) and. uorescence photometry. A stable, densely packed protein layer was observed after protein immobilization onto a Au(111) surface modified with a mixture of 3-mercaptopropanoic acid (3-MPA) and 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (11-MUA) and subsequent formation of the amide bond with the use of N-hydroxysuccinimide and carbodiimide. Fluorescence photometry data indicate that covalent binding of PYP to the functionalized Au(111) surface does not interfere with the. uorescence properties of the native protein.

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Journal Chem. Phys. Lett.
Rzeznicka, I. I, Wurpel, G. W. H, Bonn, M, van der Horst, M. A, Hellingwerf, K. J, Matsunaga, S, … Kawai, M. (2009). Observation of photoactive yellow protein anchored to a modified Au(111) surface by scanning tunneling microscopy. Chem. Phys. Lett., 472, 113–117. doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2009.02.067