Experiments on atoms in intense laser pulses and the corresponding exact ab initio solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE) yield photoelectron spectra with low-energy features that are not reproduced by the otherwise successful work horse of strong field laser physics: the “strong field approximation” (SFA). In the semiclassical limit, the SFA possesses an appealing interpretation in terms of interfering quantum trajectories. It is shown that a conceptually simple extension towards the inclusion of Coulomb effects yields very good agreement with exact TDSE results. Moreover, the Coulomb quantum orbits allow for a physically intuitive interpretation and detailed analysis of all low-energy features in the semiclassical regime, in particular, the recently discovered “low-energy structure

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Yan, T.-M., Popruzhenko, S. V., Vrakking, M. J. J., & Bauer, D. (2010). Low-energy structure in strong field ionization revealed by quantum orbits. Phys.Rev.Lett., 105(25, Article number: 253002), 1–4. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.253002