Controlling the dispersion and directionality of the emission of nanosources is one of the major goals of nanophotonics research. This control will allow the development of highly efficient nanosources even at the single-photon level. One of the ways to achieve this goal is to couple the emission to Bloch modes of periodic structures. Here, we present the first measurements of the directional emission from nanowire photonic crystals by using Fourier microscopy. With this technique, we efficiently collect and resolve the directional emission of nanowires within the numerical aperture of a microscope objective. The light emission from a heterostructure grown in each nanowire is governed by the photonic (Bloch) modes of the photonic crystal.We also demonstrate that the directionality of the emission can be easily controlled by infiltrating the photonic crystal with a high refractive index liquid. This work opens new possibilities for the control of the emission of sources in nanowires.

Phys. Rev. B

Fontana, Y., Grzela, G., Bakkers, E., & Gómez Rivas, J. (2012). Mapping the directional emission of quasi-two-dimensional photonic crystals of semiconductor nanowires using Fourier microscopy. Phys. Rev. B, 86(Article number: 245303), 1–7. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.86.245303