We demonstrate the generation of light in an optical waveguide strongly coupled to a periodic array of metallic nanoantennas. This coupling gives rise to hybrid waveguide-plasmon polaritons (WPPs), which undergo a transmutation from plasmon to waveguide mode and vice versa as the eigenfrequency detuning of the bare states transits through zero. Near zero detuning, the structure is nearly transparent in the far-field but sustains strong local field enhancements inside the waveguide. Consequently, light-emitting WPPs are strongly enhanced at energies and in-plane momenta for which WPPs minimize light extinction. We elucidate the unusual properties of these polaritons through a classical model of coupled harmonic oscillators.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Rodriguez, S., Murai, S., Verschuuren, M., & Gómez Rivas, J. (2012). Light-emitting waveguide-plasmon polaritons. Phys.Rev.Lett., 109(16, Article number: 166803), 1–5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.166803