Measuring the spatial extent of individual localized photonic states
Phys. Rev. B , Volume 86 - Issue Article number: 155153 p. 1- 5
We measure the spatial extent of individual photonic states that are localized by residual disorder in a slow-light photonic crystal waveguide. The size of the states is measured by locally perturbing them individually through an electromagnetic interaction with a near-field probe. We identify localized states that are not observed in transmission and show that they are shorter than the waveguide length. We also obtain near-field measurements of the participation ratio, from which the size of the states is also derived, in quantitative agreement with the size measured with the perturbation method.