A four amino-acid linker between repeats in the α-synuclein sequence is important for fibril formation
α-Synuclein is a 140-amino acid protein that can switch conformation among intrinsically disordered in solution, helical on a membrane, and β-sheet in amyloid fibrils. Using the fluorescence of single-tryptophan mutants, we determined the immersion of different regions of the protein into lipid membranes. Our results suggest the presence of a flexible break close to residues 52–55 between two helical domains. The four-amino acid linker is not necessary for membrane binding but is important for fibril formation. A deletion mutant lacking this linker aggregates extremely slowly and slightly inhibits wild-type aggregation, possibly by blocking the growing ends of fibrils.
Shvadchak, V.V, & Subramaniam, V. (2014). A four amino-acid linker between repeats in the α-synuclein sequence is important for fibril formation. Biochemistry, 53(2), 279–281. doi:10.1021/bi401427t