Direct Ion Imaging Approach for Investigation of Ion Dynamics in Multipole Ion Guides
Anal. Chem. , Volume 87 - Issue 7 p. 3714- 3720
A key requirement of electrospray ionization (ESI) and other techniques facilitating ionization at elevated pressures is the efficient transport of free gas-phase ions into the high vacuum region of the mass spectrometer. Radio frequency (RF) multipole ion guides that allow for collisional cooling are one of the most popular means of achieving this. However, their performance is highly dependent on several experimental factors including pressure and various electrode potentials along the ion path. To experimentally visualise these effects we have employed a position sensitive detector at the exit of a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) instrument operated in RF only mode that employs an RF only octopole as a collisional cooling ion guide. This allows the spatial distribution of the ions, and its dependence on experimentally determined conditions, to be directly visualised at the exit of the quadrupole. This investigation provides a detailed insight into the ion dynamics occurring inside multipole ion guides. This knowledge can directly be applied to instrument development and to improve the ion transmission efficiency, and thus sensitivity. Numerical simulations using custom developed trajectory simulation software are compared and contrasted with the experimental observations.