We combine the concept of phase-gradient metasurfaces with fluorescence directionality control of an ensemble of incoherent emitters. We design a periodic metasurface to control the scattering amplitude of the lattice in momentum space. The lattice is embedded in a waveguiding layer doped with organic fluorophores. In contrast to the usual symmetric directionality that plasmonic lattices impart on emission, we find that the phase gradient translates into asymmetric directional emission into the far field, determined by scattering on a subset of the reciprocal lattice vectors. The measured asymmetry is well explained by analytical modeling.

S.A. Mann (Sander)
Phys. Rev. B
Resonant Nanophotonics

Langguth, L., Schokker, A. H., Guo, K., & Koenderink, F. (2015). Plasmonic phase-gradient metasurface for spontaneous emission control. Phys. Rev. B, 92(Article number: 205401), 1–9. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.92.205401