Neutron radiography for the study of water uptake in painting canvases and preparation layers
Easel paintings on canvas are subjected to alteration mechanisms triggered or accelerated by moisture. For the study of the spatial distribution and kinetics of such interactions, a moisture exposure chamber was designed and built to perform neutron radiography experiments. Multilayered sized and primed canvas samples were prepared for time-resolved experiments in the ICON cold neutron beamline. The first results show that the set-up gives a good contrast and sufficient resolution to visualise the water uptake in the layers of canvas, size and priming. The results allow, for the first time, real-time visualisation of the interaction of water vapour with such layered systems. This offers important new opportunities for relevant, spatially and time-resolved material behaviour studies and opens the way towards numerical modelling of the process. These first results show that cellulose fibres and glue sizing have a much stronger water uptake than the chalk–glue ground. Additionally, it shows that the uptake rate is not uniform throughout the thickness of the sized canvas. With prolonged moisture exposure, a higher amount of water is accumulating at the lower edge of the canvas weave suggesting a decrease in permeability in the sized canvas with increased water content.
|Journal||Appl. Phys. A|
Boon, J.J, Hendrickx, R, Eijkel, G.B, Cerjak, J, Kaestner, A, & Ferreira, E.S.B. (2015). Neutron radiography for the study of water uptake in painting canvases and preparation layers. Appl. Phys. A, 121(3), 837–847. doi:10.1007/s00339-015-9381-z