Periodic arrays of metallic nanoparticles can be used to enhance the emission of light in certain directions. We fabricated hexagonal arrays of aluminium nanoparticles combined with thin layers of luminescent material and optimized period (275 nm) and thickness (1500 nm) to obtain sideward directional emission into glass for a wavelength band around 620 nm. The key physics is that the luminescent layer acts as a waveguide, from which light is emitted at preferential angles using diffractive effects. This phenomenon has applications in the field of solid-state lighting, where there is a desire for small, bright and directional sources.

Opt. Express
Resonant Nanophotonics

de Boer, D., Verschuuren, M., Guo, K., Koenderink, F., Gómez Rivas, J., & Rodriguez, S. (2016). Directional sideward emission from luminescent plasmonic nanostructures. Opt. Express, 24(2), 388–396. doi:10.1364/OE.24.00A388