We propose a novel type of optomechanical coupling which enables a tripartite interaction between a quantum emitter, an optical mode, and a macroscopic mechanical oscillator. The interaction uses a mechanism we term mode field coupling: a mechanical displacement modifies the spatial distribution of the optical mode field, which, in turn, modulates the emitter-photon coupling rate. In properly designed multimode optomechanical systems, we can achieve situations in which mode field coupling is the only possible interaction pathway for the system. This enables, for example, swapping of a single excitation between emitter and phonon, creation of nonclassical states of motion, and mechanical ground-state cooling in the bad-cavity regime. Importantly, the emitter-phonon coupling rate can be enhanced through an optical drive field, allowing active control of the emitter-phonon coupling for realistic experimental parameters.

Phys. Rev. Lett.
Photonic Forces

Cotrufo, M., Fiore, A., & Verhagen, E. (2017). Coherent Atom-Phonon Interaction through Mode Field Coupling in Hybrid Optomechanical Systems. Phys.Rev.Lett., 118(13, Article number: 133603), 1–5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.133603