We propose a physically realizable information-driven device consisting of an enzyme in a chemical bath, interacting with pairs of molecules prepared in correlated states. These correlations persist without direct interaction and thus store free energy equal to the mutual information. The enzyme can harness this free energy, and that stored in the individual molecular states, to do chemical work. Alternatively, the enzyme can use the chemical driving to create mutual information. A modified system can function without external intervention, approaching biological systems more closely.

incl. correction

Phys. Rev. Lett.
Biochemical Networks

McGrath, T., Jones, N. S., ten Wolde, P. R., & Ouldridge, T. (2017). Biochemical Machines for the Interconversion of Mutual Information and Work. Phys.Rev.Lett., 118(2, Article number: 028101), 1–5. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.028101