Phase singularities arise in scalar random waves, with spatial distribution reminiscent of particles in liquids. Supporting near-field experiment with analytical theory we show how such spatial distribution changes when considering vector waves.


De Angelis, L., Alpeggiani, F., Di Falco, A., & Kuipers, K. (2016). A liquid of optical vortices in a photonic sea of vector waves. In Frontiers in Optics 2016 : proceedings; conference held 17–21 October 2016, Rochester, New York, United States. doi:10.1364/FIO.2016.FF3H.8