Intrinsic and effective rate constants have an important role in the theory of diffusion-limited reactions. In a previous paper, we provide detailed microscopic expressions for these intrinsic rates [A. Vijaykumar, P. G. Bolhuis, and P. R. ten Wolde, Faraday Discuss. 195, 421 (2016)], which are usually considered as abstract quantities and assumed to be implicitly known. Using these microscopic expressions, we investigate how the rate of association depends on the strength and the range of the isotropic potential and the strength of the non- specific attraction in case of the anisotropic potential. In addition, we determine the location of the interface where these expressions become valid for anisotropic potentials. In particular, by investigating the particles' orientational distributions, we verify whether the interface at which these distributions become isotropic agrees with the interface predicted by the effective association rate constant. Finally, we discuss how large the intrinsic association rate can become, and what are the consequences for the existence of the diffusion limited regime. Published by AIP Publishing.

J. Chem. Phys.
Biochemical Networks

Vijaykumar, A., ten Wolde, P. R., & Bolhuis, P. (2017). The magnitude of the intrinsic rate constant: How deep can association reactions be in the diffusion limited regime?. J. Chem. Phys., 147(18, Article number: 184108), 1–11. doi:10.1063/1.5009547