Conductivity of solvated electrons in hexane investigated with terahertz time-domain spectroscopy
J. Chem. Phys. , Volume 121 p. 394- 404
We present investigations of the transient photoconductivity and recombination dynamics of quasifree electrons in liquid n-hexane and cyclohexane performed using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). Quasifree electrons are generated by two-photon photoionization of the liquid using a femtosecond ultraviolet pulse, and the resulting changes in the complex conductivity are probed by a THz electromagnetic pulse at a variable delay. The detection of time-domain wave forms of the THz electric field permits the direct determination of both the real and the imaginary part of the conductivity of the electrons over a wide frequency range. The change in conductivity can be described by the Drude model, thus yielding the quasifree electron density and scattering time. The electron density is found to decay on a time scale of a few hundred picoseconds, which becomes shorter with increasing excitation density. The dynamics can be described by a model that assumes nongeminate recombination between electrons and positive ions. In addition, a strong dependence of the quasifree electron density on temperature is observed, in agreement with a two-state model in which the electron may exist in either a quasifree or a bound state.