Phononic crystals are renowned for their distinctive wave propagation characteristics, notably bandgaps that offer precise control over vibration phenomena, positioning them as a critical material in advanced vibro-elastic engineering and design. We investigate how pore shapes influence the bandgap in continuum two-dimensional phononic crystals made from a single material. Using the square lattice and unit cells with fourfold symmetry, our numerical analyses reveal that the normalized gap size is highly dependent on the minimum ligament width in the structure. Additionally, we find that fine geometric features represented by higher-order Fourier coefficients decrease the gap size. This study offers insight into the design of phononic crystals and vibro-elastic metamaterials for precise wave control through void patterning.

The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Appl. Phys. Lett.
Soft Robotic Matter

Paul, S., Overvelde, J., Hochhalter, J., & Wang, P. (2024). Effects of void geometry on two-dimensional monolithic porous phononic crystals. Appl. Phys. Lett., 124(21), 212201: 1–8. doi:10.1063/5.0203024