Knowledge of the interfacial water structure is essential for a basic understanding of the many environmental, technological, and biophysical systems in which aqueous interfaces appear. Using ultrafast two-dimensional surface-specific vibrational spectroscopy we show that the structure of heavy water at the water-air interface displays short-lived heterogeneity and is very different from that at the water-lipid interface.
J. Chem. Phys.
Ultrafast Spectroscopy

Zhang, Z., Piatkowski, L., Bakker, H., & Bonn, M. (2011). Communication: Interfacial water structure revealed by ultrafast two-dimensional surface vibrational spectroscopy. J. Chem. Phys., 135(2, Article number: 21101), 1–3. doi:10.1063/1.3605657